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To illustrate this idea, suppose that in the birth control pills
example (2.5.2) the original population *T* includes both
genders. Then *P*(*Pregnancy|T.Male.Takes birth control
pills*) = *P*(*Pregnancy|T.Male*) = 0, while
*P*(*Pregnancy|T.Female. Takes birth control Equation editor pills*)
≠ *P*(*Pregnancy|T.Female*) assuming that not all
women in the population take birth control pills. In other words, if
you are a male in this population, taking birth control pills is
statistically irrelevant to whether you become pregnant, while if you
are a female it is relevant. In this way we can capture the idea that
taking birth control pills is explanatorily irrelevant to pregnancy
among males but not among females.

To characterize the *SR* model Scientific software more precisely we need the
notion of a *homogenous partition.* A homogenous partition of
*A* is a set of subclasses or cells *C _{i}* of